• 方法与技术 •

### 生态系统服务视角下的工矿废弃地再开发模式及策略

1. 1中国矿业大学环境与测绘学院, 江苏徐州 221000; 2矿山生态修复教育部工程研究中心, 江苏徐州 221000; 3江苏自然资源智库中国矿业大学研究基地, 江苏徐州 221000）
• 发布日期:2020-06-10

### Redevelopment mode and strategy of mining wasteland in an ecosystem service perspective.

DAI Pei-chao1, ZHANG Shao-liang1,2*, GONG Yun-long1,3, HOU Hu-ping1,3

1. (1School of Environment Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221000, Jiangsu, China; 2Engineering Research Center of Ministry of Education for Mine Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221000, Jiangsu, China; 3Research Base of China University of Mining and Technology, Jiangsu Natural Resources Think Tank, Xuzhou 221000, Jiangsu, China).
• Published:2020-06-10

Abstract: The redevelopment of mining wasteland, as one of the effective ways to exploit stocking land, is important to the improvement of mining environment and the economic transformation of mining area. Given the destroyed nature of mining wasteland, the choice of redevelopment mode is crucial to ecological changes in the mining area. To ensure the redevelopment of mining wasteland, and realize the vision of ecological restoration, optimized layout of land use, and harmonious coexistence between human and nature, we constructed a theoretical framework for the redevelopment of mining wasteland with an ecosystem service perspective. Under this framework, the redevelopment target, model, and strategy were addressed by the methods of literature analysis, theoretical analysis, and case study. We concluded that: (1) The ultimate goal of mining wasteland’s redevelopment should be the improvement of socialecosystem resilience; (2) Five redevelopment modes, including supplyservice-oriented mode and support service-priority mode, are proposed following the theory of ecosystem services, with the multi-service synergy mode as the ideal one for redevelopment; (3) The direction of the redevelopment of mining wasteland depends on the trade-off and synergy among ecosystem services. In conclusion, from the perspective of ecosystem services, the redevelopment of mining wasteland should take a comprehensive measure for remediation and choose appropriate development mode suitable for specific site, with the goal of increasing total value of ecosystem services, improving social-ecosystem resilience, and promoting regional coordination and sustainable development.