• 研究报告 •

### 四种抗寒花卉对镉的生理响应和富集特征

1. 1四川农业大学资源学院， 成都 611130； 2四川农业大学环境学院， 成都 611130）
• 出版日期:2021-03-10 发布日期:2021-03-16

### Physiological responses and Cd accumulation characteristics in four cold-resistant flower species exposed to Cd polluted soil.

ZHANG Ming-hua1, ZHANG Chang-feng1, WANG Hui-hui1, XIONG Rui1, PU Yu-lin1, ZHANG Shi-rong2, XU Xiao-xun2, JIA Yong-xia1*#br#

1. (1College of Resources, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China; 2College of Environmental Sciences, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China).
• Online:2021-03-10 Published:2021-03-16

Abstract: A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the physiological responses and accumulation characteristics to cadmium (Cd) of Dendranthema morifolium, Lupinus luteus, Primula vulgaris andPapaver rhoeas. The aims of this study were to explore the feasibility of phytoremediation technology using these four ornamental flowers in winter and spring, and to provide reference for improving the efficiency of phytoremediation technology. The results showed that: (1) There was no difference in the biomass of L. luteusbetween Cd treatments and the control. The root biomass of P. vulgariswas significantly lower at 80 mg·kg-1 Cd treatment than that of the control, being 74.51% of the control. The total biomass of D. morifolium and P. rhoeas was significantly lower than that of the control when the Cd concentration was higher than 10 and 40 mg·kg-1, respectively, with the minimum value at 80 mg·kg-1 Cd treatment, which were 41.21% and 64.15% of the control, respectively. (2) Under Cd treatments, the activities of antioxidant enzymes inL. luteus were significantly higher than those in the control, the content of MDA was not changed, and the ability of scavenging ROS was the strongest and unharmed. The activity of antioxidant enzymes in P. vulgaris increased slightly, the content of MDA and REC increased slightly, and the ability of scavenging ROS was better. The capacity of scavenging ROS of D. morifolium and P. rhoeas was the lowest, which were suffered serious oxidative damage. (3) Under all Cd treatments, the allocation of Cd was higher in shoot than in root, the BCF and TF were greater than 1, and the maximum concentration and content of Cd in shoot were 136.20 mg·kg-1 and 1118.20 μg·plant-1, respectively. TF in L. luteus, P. vulgaris and P. rhoeas was less than 1, Cd concentration and accumulation of shoot, BCF and TF were L. luteus > P. vulgaris and P. rhoeas. In summary, compared with P. vulgaris and P. rhoeas, D. morifolium has relatively poor tolerance to Cd, but it has strong absorption and transfer ability to Cd, which is suitable for the remediation of Cd polluted soil in winter and spring. L. luteus has strong tolerance, absorption and transfer ability to Cd, which is also suitable for the remediation of Cd polluted soils in winter and spring.