• 研究报告 •

### 大兴安岭森林土壤重金属含量空间变异与污染评价

1. (1黑龙江省科学院自然与生态研究所， 湿地与生态保育国家地方联合工程实验室， 哈尔滨 150040； 2东北农业大学生命科学学院， 哈尔滨 150030)
• 出版日期:2015-03-10 发布日期:2015-03-10

### Spatial variability of heavy metal contents and contamination assessment in forest soils of Daxing’an Mountains.

ZHANG Ji-zhou1, LU Pin1,2**, WANG Li-min1, YU Zhi-min1

1. (1Institute of Natural Resources and Ecology, Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences, National and Provincial Joint Engineering Laboratory of Wetlands and Ecological Conservation, Harbin 150040, China; 2College of Life Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China)
• Online:2015-03-10 Published:2015-03-10

Abstract: Soil heavy metal pollution is a potential hazardous factor to forest health. However, few studies have conducted on heavy metal contents, spatial variability and pollution status of natural forest soils in Daxing’an Mountains. In the study, the contents of Cd, Cr, Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni, Hg and As in forest soils of Daxing’an Mountains were analyzed. The spatial variability of these heavy metal elements mentioned above and their pollution potential in the region were evaluated by using GIS spatial analysis combined with classic heavy metal pollution assessment methods. The results showed that: (1) The spatial distributions of heavy metal contents exhibited moderate spatial heterogeneity, with variation coefficients from 16.67% to 35.39%. C0/(C0+C) values of Cd, Cr, Pb, Zn, Hg and As were less than 25%, suggesting that the spatial variability of their contents was mainly determined by structural factors, such as soil parent material and topography. C0/(C0+C) values of Cu and Ni varied in the range of 25%-75%, which means that these metals were mainly affected by non-structural factors and human activities.  The distribution patterns of heavy metal contents in the region presented as patchy, banded and island modes. (2) The contents of the eight heavy metals in the region showed a trend of accumulation. However, the average and maximum contents of the eight heavy metals were below the soil threshold levels of the Second Grade Criteria of the China’s Environmental Quality Standard (GB 15618-1995). The maximum contents of Cu, Zn and As exceeded the soil threshold levels of the First Grade Criteria, and the maximum contents of the other five elements were below the soil threshold levels of the First Grade Criteria. (3) As showed by the Geo-accumulation index, there was no pollution risk of Cr, Pb and Ni in the region, while the pollution risk of the other five elements was low. The Nemerow pollution index showed that slight pollution of heavy metals existed for overall soil quality in the region. Single factor ecological risk index showed that no potential risk was detected for Cu, Ni, Pb, Cr, Zn and As contents; however, the contents of Hg and Cd from some sites showed pollution risk. The content of Hg from some sites even reached the Third Pollution Level (moderate risk). The total potential ecological risk index  of 80% samples in the study area was at the riskfree level, and that of 20% of the samples was at the general level of risk.