• 综述与专论 •

基于不同指示生物的河流健康评价研究进展

1. 1重庆大学资源及环境科学学院， 重庆 400030; 2西南资源开发及环境灾害控制工程教育部重点实验室， 重庆 400030）
• 出版日期:2013-08-10 发布日期:2013-08-10

River health assessment based on different biological indicators: A review.

ZHOU Shang-bo1,2, YUAN Xing-zhong1,2**, LIU Hong1,2, ZHANG Yue-wei1,2, REN Hai-qing1,2

1. (1College of Resource and Environmental Science, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China; 2Key Laboratory of Southwest Resource Exploitation and Environmental Disaster Controlling Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400030, China)
• Online:2013-08-10 Published:2013-08-10

Abstract: In order to comprehensively and objectively reflect the impacts of human disturbances on river ecosystems, various countries and regions have set up a series of river health assessment methods based on the ecological responses of fish, diatom, and macroinvertebrates to the human disturbances. Among these assessment methods, the methods based on fish still pay attention to the application and perfection of the index of biotic integrity, those based on diatom have a wider application, and the methods based on macroinvertebrates are still at the leading place. As for the construction of indicator systems, in addition to the evaluation at the levels of community structure and function, the evaluation based on biological taxonomy (family, genera and species) is made. At present, the multivariate assessments of the ecological responses of aquatic organisms to human disturbances are the most common assessment methods, but the methods tend to lack consideration of information redundancy among the various indicators. The longterm use of the indicator systems should be further studied.