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关于三北防护林体系建设的思考与展望——基于40年建设综合评估结果

朱教君*,郑晓   

  1. (中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所, 中国科学院森林生态与管理重点实验室, 辽宁省生态公益林经营管理重点实验室, 中国科学院清原森林生态系统观测研究站, 沈阳 110016)
  • 出版日期:2019-05-10 发布日期:2019-05-10

The prospects of development of the Three-North Afforestation Program (TNAP): On the basis of the results of the 40-year construction general assessment of the TNAP.

ZHU Jiao-Jun*, ZHENG Xiao   

  1. (Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Liaoning Key Laboratory for Management of Non-commercial Forest; Qingyuan Forest CERN, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China).
  • Online:2019-05-10 Published:2019-05-10

摘要: 三北防护林体系建设工程(简称:三北工程)是同我国改革开放同步实施的世界最大生态工程,是生态文明建设的重要标志。三北工程规划建设期限历时73年,现已经过40年建设,为科学、准确把握三北工程40年建设来的成效、经验、问题等综合状况,国家林业和草原局(原国家林业局)于2017年委托中国科学院作为第三方评估机构,对三北工程建设40年进行了全面、系统评价与分析。本文在简要介绍三北工程建设40年的历程、取得的成效、积累的经验和存在问题的基础上,对三北工程未来建设与发展进行了思考与展望;提出了重大生态工程未来研究方向,以期为推动三北工程未来高质量发展,为美丽中国生态文明建设提供重要证据和为全球生态安全建设提供经验与范式等提供参考。

关键词: 玉米幼苗, 风沙流, 膜透性, 保护酶, 渗透调节

Abstract: The Three-North Afforestation Program (TNAP, also known as the Three North Protective Forest Program or the Green Great Wall) in China, the largest ecological project all over the world, was initiated in 1978 and will be fulfilled in 2050. The TNAP is an important landmark project for the construction of Ecological Civilization. During the past 40-years (1978-2018), TNAP has made remarkable achievements and accumulated valuable experiences, which makes it an exemplary record of global ecological management. However, some inevitable problems appeared synchronously. To scientifically and accurately understand the comprehensive situation and promote highquality development of the TNAP in the future, the National Forestry and Grassland Administration (formerly the National Forestry Administration, which is the Administration Agency of TNAP) commissioned the Chinese Academy of Sciences as a third-party evaluation agency to carry out a comprehensive and systematic assessment for the 40-year construction of TNAP. The assessment results would provide important evidence for the construction of Beautiful ChinaEcological Civilization, and offer the experiences and examples for the construction of global projects for ecological security. In this paper, we gave a brief introduction to the assessment, including history, achievements, impacts, and the problems of the 40-year construction of TNAP. On the basis of this assessment, we proposed some prospects for the future construction and development of TNAP.

Key words: corn seedling, wind-sand flow, membrane permeability, protective enzymes, osmotic regulation.