• 目次 •

### 中国“三大经济模式”的可持续发展——以真实发展指标对6个典型城市的可持续性评估为例

1. 1浙江大学生命科学学院生态规划与景观设计研究所, 杭州 310058;
2杭州电子科技大学, 杭州 310012
• 收稿日期:2015-11-23 发布日期:2016-06-18
• 通讯作者: yanlj@zju.edu.cn
• 作者简介:李 婧,女,1992年生,硕士研究生.主要从事城市生态学、生态规划、景观生态学研究. E-mail: lijing920126@163.com
• 基金资助:
本文由浙江省科技厅科技攻关项目(2005C30013)和国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAL07B02)资助

### Sustainable development of the three economic patterns in China: The application of genuine progress indicator in the sustainability assessment of six typical cities.

LI Jing1, HUANG Lu1,2, YAN Li-jiao1*

1. 1Institute of Ecological Planning and Landscape Design, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China;
2Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310012, China
• Received:2015-11-23 Published:2016-06-18

Abstract: Three economic patterns, i.e., Zhujiang Model, Wenzhou Model and Sunan Model, were all generated in the developed areas of China. Sustainability assessment of those areas plays an important role in guiding future development of the economy of China. Genuine progress indicator (GPI) was adopted in this study to evaluate the sustainability of 6 typical cities (Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Wenzhou, Suzhou, Wuxi, and Changzhou) of the three economic patterns from 1995 to 2012. During the study period, the values of GDP for the six cities had experienced exponential growth, while the values of GPI started to increase since 2005 after a relatively constant period between 1995 and 2005. The gap between GPI and GDP had been widening from a historical perspective. Zhujiang Model made great progress in economic growth, however, the economic, social, and environmental costs were evident. It should tackle income inequality, traffic jam, and environmental pollution to reach sustainability. The development of Wenzhou Model slowed down in the late pe-riod, with inadequate potential to develop. Its income inequality was tough, social and economic development was slow, and the economic development pattern needed to be urgently changed. Sunan Model had a higher value of GPI and the potential to reach sustainability, with remarkable growth of economy, median level of the GPI costs, and steady improvement of social development, although its natural resources were depleted. Three economic patterns should focus on the three dimensions of sustainability (economy, environment, and society), and Zhujiang Model and Wenzhou Model needed to be more active to search for transition of their development.